Posts Tagged With: Preparedness

Early Warning – Heavy Rain and Strong Winds

Here is an example of preparedness for heavy rain and strong winds.

Alerts of Heavy Rain and Strong Winds!Hujan deras

That is an Early Warning of current weather available on the website of BMKG (The National Agency of Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics of Indonesia) today, Wednesday, July 17, 2013. Above events predicted to occur in several provinces in Indonesia. Even yesterday, Tuesday, July 16, 2013 floods hit 12 districts in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi and it was quite paralyzing activities in the capital city of that province.

BMKG early warning on the site is a form of government preparedness addressed to the public so we can prepare ourselves if there will be event of flooding or the other unwanted things.

What should we prepare in our homes if there are early warnings of heavy rain and strong winds as described above?

1. Look around: the inside and outside your home.

  • Check if there is a leaking roof, cracked walls or broken windows. If yes then fix it immediately.
  • Check if there are clogged at rainwater drains around your home, clean it immediately.

2. Preparing emergency supplies.

  • Ensure to have adequate drinking water and food supplies (preferably canned food or biscuits or instant noodles).
  • Prepare flashlights, batteries, candles and matches if the power goes out.
  • Prepare the necessary medicines.
  • Prepare clean clothes, towels, raincoat or the like is needed.
  • Prepare enough cash, ID card and securing the important papers or valuables goods.

3. Find out the nearest evacuation place.

4. Meet and interact with the people around us to find out the latest situation.

5. Attend the meeting or evacuation briefing/training if any.


What should we do in our homes in case of flooding?

1. Move items that easily broken into a safe place.
2. Monitor latest situation from television or radio.
3. Try to stay indoors, if the situation is severe enough, wait until help arrived to evacuate, or if forced to go out, please see as mentioned below.


What should we do if there is a process of evacuation or if forced to go out:

1. Ensure the gas/kitchen stove is turned off and power is switched off from the breaker.
2. Lock all doors and windows.
3. Do not touch electrical switches or other sources because of the possibility of shorting.
4. Wear shoes with thick soles if you have to walk.
5. Be careful when walking through the water because there may be a hole or gutter. Whenever possible use a cane or wood to check the depth of water.
6. Do not walk alone, make sure somebody else with you.

Categories: Disaster Management | Tags: , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Disaster Preparedness – Overview

I began this writing with a quote from one of the Founding Fathers of the United States, Benjamin Franklin: “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail”. This quote is matched if use in preparedness phase. If we and all respective parties are not well prepared then we must be prepared to face huge losses.

Ring of fire

Of course we all hope disasters will never happen. However, would be better if we all remain to be alerted and prepared. For us in Indonesia, we are in the “ring of fire”, definitely we need to improve our preparedness.  The most obvious example is this time in July we supposed to be in dry season but rainfall in Greater Jakarta areas still high. The phenomenon of climate change has also become an input to further improve our preparedness.

In the previous post, we have seen the outline of preparedness is readiness or capacities of government, organizations / professional institutions, communities and individuals in anticipation of possible disasters, to respond when it occurs and how to effectively recover from disaster.

To be more detail, we can use a reference from The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR, 2009):

“Preparedness is the knowledge and capacities developed by governments, professional response and recovery organizations, communities and individuals to effectively anticipate, respond to, and recover from, the impacts of likely, imminent or current hazard events or conditions”.

So we can draw a conclusion, in essence, preparedness is our readiness before, during and after a disaster.

Each type of disaster requires different measures, however the main idea of preparedness is our ability to quickly and appropriate respond when required.

Currently, many preparedness training conducted by governments or professional response and recovery institutions in which the training made based on analysis of disaster risks in respective locations.

One example of preparedness training that familiar with us is fire drill. Fire is one of the most common disasters.  Commercial buildings should have a contingency plans for fire and regular agenda for fire drill. The fire drill has to be conducted and attended not only by building occupants, but also building management staffs. One of the most important to be trained is when the fire alarm has been sounded, all occupants are expected to not panic and get out of the building by using a route that has been made ​​towards to the evacuation point. So in principal, fire preparedness is to make your place fire safe, plan escape routes, and escape safely.

At this writing I only made the general idea of ​​disaster preparedness, in the future we could see further on several types of disaster preparedness.

Categories: Disaster Management | Tags: , , , , | 1 Comment

What is Disaster Management ?

Having seen examples of disasters in the previous, then we will think: what to do when disaster occurs? We all know that disaster resulted in losses to anyone who experienced it. Disaster can also cause prolonged trauma. What should we do to response and cope with disasters?

Sedia payung

Proverb said provides umbrella before it rains. Umbrella which must be provided should be based on the needs, for example: for very heavy rain with strong winds, we would choose to use an umbrella large enough so we will not wet and umbrella will not folded up because of the wind.

The above proverb is very suitable if we use in disaster management. We know that disasters could be caused by natural factors, non-natural and human factors, now we have to determine “what type or size and color” of umbrella that we are going to use when disaster struck.

Based on the thoughts as above and lessons learnt from previous disastrous experience, then we arrived at what is called Disaster Management.  At first, there are three things in the disaster management, namely preparedness, response and recovery to reduce the impacts of disaster. In its development, the stage of preparedness is broadly divided into mitigation, risk reduction and prevention.

Here we see the outline of what is meant by:

Disaster Management: procedure / discipline conducted and managed through a systematic process for dealing with disasters and lessen the impacts of disaster as well as how to be able to continue life after the disaster.

Mitigation: actions or steps to be taken to reduce the impacts of disaster.

Prevention: how to avoid hazards and related disaster.

Risk Reduction: a systematic way to reduce the risks of disaster especially when disaster struck based on the disaster risks and risk assessment.  

Preparedness: readiness or capacities of government, organizations / professional institutions, communities and individuals in anticipation of possible disasters, to respond when it occurs and how to effectively recover from disaster.

Response: the provision of assistance and services during or immediately after disaster with a primary goal to save lives, reduce the impact of the diseases or health-related, providing health services and providing basic needs required by the affected people/communities.

Recovery: actions or steps taken to improve the condition of the affected people/communities and to make efforts to reduce disaster risk factors.

Going forward we will discuss further about disaster management.

Categories: Disaster Management | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

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