Posts Tagged With: Disaster Management

Logistics Assessment during Emergency

It is important that the humanitarian agencies sustain their capacity to respond in an effective and timely manner when disasters / emergencies occur. Normally, agencies will send their assessment team to go to the disaster sites and it is very important to include logistician to conduct logistics assessment in order to understand how the logistics services are to be provided.

The overall objective of the logistics assessment is to ensure that appropriate and adequate arrangements are made to respond in a timely, effective and appropriate manner to the needs of the affected people.

Log for blog

The strategy of the assessment normally made in order to answer six questions:

  1. Who – who are the beneficiaries or affected people
  2. Where – location of the beneficiaries or affected people
  3. What – identifies most urgent needs or prioritization
  4. When – when the relief items is needed or to be delivered
  5. How many – total quantity of relief items needed or required
  6. How – this is logistics part – how the relief items will deliver / send to the beneficiaries – this will talk about transport, warehouse, handling, packaging as well as communications and other supporting activities.

Based on the above, we could see that the most important part of the logistics assessment during disaster is to identify impact on the transport infrastructure as well as resource infrastructure, e.g. airport, sea port or river port, roads, bridges, local trucking capacity, vehicle rent, warehouses, electricity and other supporting information.

The assessment should also highlight any special concerns, for example airport congestion, customs clearance procedures, labor issues etc.

Logistics assessment during emergency will be depending on the circumstances or depend on the scale of the disaster. Normally, assessment cycle will include:

  1. Identify information needs and sources
  2. Collect data and information
  3. Analyze and interpret data
  4. Conclusion including provide logistics response plan
  5. Design or modify the response
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What is Disaster Management ?

Having seen examples of disasters in the previous, then we will think: what to do when disaster occurs? We all know that disaster resulted in losses to anyone who experienced it. Disaster can also cause prolonged trauma. What should we do to response and cope with disasters?

Sedia payung

Proverb said provides umbrella before it rains. Umbrella which must be provided should be based on the needs, for example: for very heavy rain with strong winds, we would choose to use an umbrella large enough so we will not wet and umbrella will not folded up because of the wind.

The above proverb is very suitable if we use in disaster management. We know that disasters could be caused by natural factors, non-natural and human factors, now we have to determine “what type or size and color” of umbrella that we are going to use when disaster struck.

Based on the thoughts as above and lessons learnt from previous disastrous experience, then we arrived at what is called Disaster Management.  At first, there are three things in the disaster management, namely preparedness, response and recovery to reduce the impacts of disaster. In its development, the stage of preparedness is broadly divided into mitigation, risk reduction and prevention.

Here we see the outline of what is meant by:

Disaster Management: procedure / discipline conducted and managed through a systematic process for dealing with disasters and lessen the impacts of disaster as well as how to be able to continue life after the disaster.

Mitigation: actions or steps to be taken to reduce the impacts of disaster.

Prevention: how to avoid hazards and related disaster.

Risk Reduction: a systematic way to reduce the risks of disaster especially when disaster struck based on the disaster risks and risk assessment.  

Preparedness: readiness or capacities of government, organizations / professional institutions, communities and individuals in anticipation of possible disasters, to respond when it occurs and how to effectively recover from disaster.

Response: the provision of assistance and services during or immediately after disaster with a primary goal to save lives, reduce the impact of the diseases or health-related, providing health services and providing basic needs required by the affected people/communities.

Recovery: actions or steps taken to improve the condition of the affected people/communities and to make efforts to reduce disaster risk factors.

Going forward we will discuss further about disaster management.

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Foreword

Nowadays we often hear about the recent natural disasters in Indonesia and in several other countries. There are various natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, landslides and even tsunamis. We may still remember very well about the tsunami that occurred in Aceh in late 2004. So many casualties and losses caused by the tsunami. We also know that in some places there is a prolonged drought that caused famine.

There are also disasters caused by human activities or perhaps that we are familiar with the name of social disaster. For example war or conflict inter-ethnics or wars between neighboring countries.

In addition to these two types of disasters mentioned above, there are also disasters that are very dangerous to us as humans like the plague or epidemic disease. The occurrence of epidemic very quickly in one area and cause many casualties. This kind of disaster we know as non natural disasters.

In this section, I will try to peel on disasters and also to share my experience involved in disaster relief both in several places in Indonesia and abroad.

I also expect the reader to be able to share experiences and please your advise if there are posts that are inappropriate or wrong. 😉

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Kata Pembuka

Saat ini kita sering sekali mendengar tentang bencana alam yang terjadi baik di Indonesia maupun di beberapa negara lain. Macam-macam bencana alam yang terjadi seperti gempa bumi, banjir, letusan gunung api, tanah longsor bahkan tsunami. Mungkin masih segar diingatan kita tentang tsunami yang terjadi di Aceh pada akhir tahun 2004 lalu. Begitu banyak korban dan kerugian yang ditimbulkan akibat tsunami tersebut. Kita juga tahu bahwa di beberapa tempat terdapat kekeringan yang berkepanjangan yang menyebabkan terjadinya kelaparan.

Selain bencana alam, ada juga bencana yang disebabkan karena ulah manusia atau mungkin yang kita kenal dengan nama bencana sosial. Contoh bencana jenis ini adalah perang atau konflik antar suku/kubu ataupun perang yang terjadi antar negara tetangga.

Selain kedua jenis bencana tersebut di atas, ada juga bencana yang sangat berbahaya bagi kita umat manusia seperti wabah penyakit atau epidemi. Bencana epidemi ini terjadinya sangat cepat di suatu daerah dan menimbulkan banyak korban. Bencana jenis ini kita kenal dengan nama bencana non alam.

Dalam bagian Disaster Management  ini, saya akan mencoba untuk mengupas tentang kebencanaan dan juga berbagi pengalaman saya selama saya ikut terlibat dalam penanganan bencana baik yang ada di beberapa tempat di Indonesia maupun di luar negeri.

Saya juga mengharapkan pembaca untuk bisa berbagi pengalaman dan mengoreksi saya jika ada tulisan yang tidak sesuai atau salah. 😉

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