First of all, I apologize if there are shortcomings or errors in my writing about aquaculture because frankly, I started to learn this issue since last year. I am looking forward your feedback and criticism to the writings that I will make in the aquaculture section.
What is aquaculture? Maybe same question came in our minds when we hear about it. Ordinary people like us generally just aware about saltwater fish or freshwater fish, and other seafood such as shrimp, clams, crab, squid, etc. We may think that all fish and the seafood came from fishermen who daily work to catch fish and other seafood.
Actually, if we want to explore further, in outline, a fishery is divided into two categories, namely capture fisheries and aquaculture.
Capture fisheries in general is a way to get fish (including seafood) from the sea or waters (waters that are not cultivated/aquaculture) by using a tool or other means.
Aquaculture in general is fish (including seafood) that obtained by means of culture (nurture, rearing or breeding and harvesting).
Below are some definitions of aquaculture that we can use as a reference:
Aquaculture is the farming of aquatic organisms, including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc. (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1988)
Aquaculture is activity to maintain, rearing, and / or breed fish and harvest their products in a controlled environment, including activities that use the vessel for loading, transporting, storing, cooling, handling, processing, and / or preserve. (Indonesian Act Number 31 Year 2004)