Having seen examples of disasters in the previous, then we will think: what to do when disaster occurs? We all know that disaster resulted in losses to anyone who experienced it. Disaster can also cause prolonged trauma. What should we do to response and cope with disasters?
Proverb said provides umbrella before it rains. Umbrella which must be provided should be based on the needs, for example: for very heavy rain with strong winds, we would choose to use an umbrella large enough so we will not wet and umbrella will not folded up because of the wind.
The above proverb is very suitable if we use in disaster management. We know that disasters could be caused by natural factors, non-natural and human factors, now we have to determine “what type or size and color” of umbrella that we are going to use when disaster struck.
Based on the thoughts as above and lessons learnt from previous disastrous experience, then we arrived at what is called Disaster Management. At first, there are three things in the disaster management, namely preparedness, response and recovery to reduce the impacts of disaster. In its development, the stage of preparedness is broadly divided into mitigation, risk reduction and prevention.
Here we see the outline of what is meant by:
Disaster Management: procedure / discipline conducted and managed through a systematic process for dealing with disasters and lessen the impacts of disaster as well as how to be able to continue life after the disaster.
Mitigation: actions or steps to be taken to reduce the impacts of disaster.
Prevention: how to avoid hazards and related disaster.
Risk Reduction: a systematic way to reduce the risks of disaster especially when disaster struck based on the disaster risks and risk assessment.
Preparedness: readiness or capacities of government, organizations / professional institutions, communities and individuals in anticipation of possible disasters, to respond when it occurs and how to effectively recover from disaster.
Response: the provision of assistance and services during or immediately after disaster with a primary goal to save lives, reduce the impact of the diseases or health-related, providing health services and providing basic needs required by the affected people/communities.
Recovery: actions or steps taken to improve the condition of the affected people/communities and to make efforts to reduce disaster risk factors.
Going forward we will discuss further about disaster management.