- Getting the right goods,
- at the right time,
- with the right quantity,
- in the good quality,
- with a reasonable price.
Transport is the main component to achieve above missions. Good management is necessary to be able to make an efficient transportation system at an affordable cost. Managing the transportation is often complex due to the many variables that must be taken into account. Several factors are often overlooked when we arrange transport such as the political, social and economic condition in one region or country. Sometimes political decisions regarding transportation infrastructure often determine transportation routes and modes. As well as socio-economic condition could determine routes and security.
In general, there are four key process of transportation management:
This process will define the most efficient transport mode according with the consideration of important parameters such as cost, type of the goods includes packaging and how to handle it, destination, expected time of arrival, avoid transit as much as possible to ensure quality, socio-economic-political situations in every area to be traversed, etc.
This stage is the execution of the transport plan.
Following any physical or administrative operation regarding transportation, such as the traceability event by event, Customs arrangements, need to send transport alerts (delay, unexpected stops, accidents, etc), bills to pay and so on.
Transporter performance and all condition during the transport events needs to be evaluated and the indicators of performance should be made in the planning stage.
Below are the transport modes:
1. Transport by air.
This kind of mode takes place mainly using cargo operators, e.g. couriers like UPS or Federal Express which usually carry parcels.
2. Transport by road.
Generally this mode of transport takes place by truck. Two important terms are FTL (Full Truck Load) and LTL (Less Truck Load). Primary transport vehicles usually send the goods to the warehouses. Secondary transport vehicles usually pick up customer orders for delivery, for example small box car from UPS or FedEx.
3. Transport by rail.
This mode of transport offers a low cost alternative for shipping products and usually not really focused on the speed factor.
4. Transport by sea / water.
This mode of transport offers another good alternative for shipping products which not really requiring speedy shipping. Transport by sea including bulk carriers and container vessels. Containers often used for the delivery of food products to / from abroad.
This time we will only see outline for the modes of transportation, in the future we will see more details because each mode of transport has their own characteristics.
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